5 Principles of Interior Design 2021 + practical sample photos

You may think that to have a house with harmonious and beautiful decoration, you must spend a lot of money and get help from an interior design engineer in this field! Of course, if you can do this, due to the familiarity of engineers with the basics of interior architecture, a wonderful space will be created for your home, but we do not necessarily need to use an interior designer or decorator to be able to model the layout of the sofa correctly. And do principles.

In general, there are a number of basics of interior design and basic principles in the interior design checklist that knowing them will help a lot to design a very good layout, even for people unfamiliar with the art of architecture and decoration.

All interior designers should also know and follow these basic principles of interior design. In the following, we will express these principles and then you can take a look at the layout of your home and see if you have observed these principles in your home decoration or not? And if it is not observed, according to the points that we explain to you about the principles of interior design in this article, make the necessary changes to double the beauty of your home.

When doing interior design steps, it is necessary to look at the home space in general; A set of interconnected spaces. Therefore, it is better to implement a common style and theme in these spaces.

This does not mean that all interior design elements should be the same, but it does mean using elements and themes that work well together. Color is one way to access this. In fact, color in general is the best way to unify and relate the set of spaces. For example, you may choose three or four colors and use them dark and light in different parts of the house.




Paying attention to the color of furniture, walls and their materials is one of the ways to achieve this. Of all the elements of the interior design process, color is generally the best way to unify and relate the set of spaces. For example, you may choose three or four colors and use them in a light and dark way in different parts of the house.

Pay attention to the point of this sentence. Contrary to many people’s beliefs, using only one or two colors will never create a beautiful harmony in the house, and you should use several colors in a spectrum. For example, suppose you choose a blue theme, so be sure to use different colors such as sky blue, navy blue, turquoise, court, and colors such as white, brown, and cream that go well with the interior design. Have a better shape.

Tips Principles of Interior Design

In short, balance is the even distribution of objects in the room visually. Balance and equilibrium are also divided into three separate categories, including symmetric, asymmetric and radial balance. Symmetrical balance is commonly seen in traditional designs. The basic principle in this type of balance is based on traditional methods of placing objects in front of each other in the form of mirrors.

Asymmetric balance is a common style of interior design these days that is repeated in modern styles. In this case, balance is achieved by placing different but visually equal objects; That is, in general, you do not see symmetry between objects and their states and locations, but in general, a beautiful harmony is created between them. In fact, it can be said that asymmetric balance is more familiar, but it is more difficult to achieve.

Radial balance is also achieved when all the elements and fixtures in a variety of interior decoration styles are arranged around a central point. Architects usually use this type of balance in small houses to create a stylish but intimate atmosphere.



focal point

If the basics of interior design in a hall or room are well observed, one or more focal points can always be found in it. The focal point is actually the point that catches your eye when you first enter a room or hall. At the same time, it is in a way that makes the viewer curious and look around. A fireplace or a large LCD TV are the first examples from a focal point. Showcases of decorative items and types of furniture, especially in small spaces, are other focal points that will be very eye-catching at the beginning of the entrance.


You may have always heard the name rhythm for songs and sports. In general, rhythm means the rhythmic repetition of a pattern, movement, text, and other things that create eye-catching beauty. If the rhythm is not observed in anything, it will not make you feel good.

In the principles of interior design, rhythm is called the repetition of a visual pattern. To achieve this in design, we need to think about repetition, transition, and contrast. Using this mechanism transmits a sense of fluidity, ie the state of movement in your space, and directs the audience’s gaze from one element to another. As a result, the space of the whole house looks more beautiful. You should also note that repetition refers to the use of an element more than once in the space. This repetition can be a color pattern, texture, line or any other element.

Contrast has a simple definition; Placing two contrasting elements, such as black and white pillows on the sofa, is a characteristic of contrast. To buy a cheap pillow with quality offer, visit Vitra store.

Scale and ratio

These two principles are the basic principles of interior design that are completely interdependent

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